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 10/02/2020, 22:07

NỘI DUNG ÔN TẬP 12 UNIT 10, 11, 12

PART 1: VOCABULARY

UNIT 10: ENDANGERED SPECIES

1. Endangered species:                       Những loài có nguy cơ tuyệt chủng

2. Be in danger of = be at risk of:      gặp nguy hiêm

3. Habitat destruction:                        hủy hoại môi trường sống

4. Commercial exploitation:              khai thác thương mại

5. Drive to the verge of:                     dẫn đến bến bờ

6. A loss of biodiversity:                    mất đa dạng sinh học

7. Raise awareness of:                        nâng cao nhận thức

8. Enact laws:                                                 ban hành luật

9. Establish/ build/ create reserves:   thành lập khu bảo tồn

10. Save/ protect …from:                  bảo vệ

11. Benefit … from                            có lợi ích từ

12. Threatened with                            bị đe dọa

13. Make effort                                   cố gắng, nổ lực

14. Depend on                                     lệ thuộc vào

15. Become extinct                             trở nên tuyệt chủng

16. Provide …with                             cung cấp

17. Take measures                              có biện pháp

NOTE:

18. Extinction is a situation in which a plant, an animal, a way of life, ect. stops existing

19. Habitat is the natural environment in which a plant or animal lives

20. Biodiversity is the existence of a large number of different kinds of animals and plants make a balanced environment.

21. Conservation is the act of preventing something from being lost, wasted, damaged or destroyed.

EXERCISES

1. Habitat                                 has played a key role in extinctions, especially related to tropical forest

2. The Stow Company and Kids’ Food Basket Partner to ______ awareness and funds to combat childhood hunger

4. An _____________ species is a population of organisms which is at risk of becoming ____________________because it is either few in numbers, or threatened by changing environmental or predation parameters

5. Plant and animal extinction leads to a ___________________of biodiversity.

3. Many animals and plants around the globe are now threatened ________________ extinction.

6. So far, 40 new animal protection laws have been _______________________ in the states in 2011

7. Of the work of IFAW’s global team of campaigners is concentrated on reducing                      exploitation of wild animals.

8. While farming depends ____________­­­­­­­­­______ biodiversity, it is also considered a major contributor to its loss

9. Human beings have made __________________ to protect the environment.

10. In order to prevent animals ___________________ extinction, specialists and zookeepers all over the world are carrying out activities to protect and preserve them

11. The destruction of vegetation is driving the Sumatran tiger to the _________________ of extinction

12. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) considers sharks, rays and skates to be in ________________ of extinction

13. Humans can get a number of benefits _______________ plants and animals.

14. It is often very easy to forget just how much we rely on biodiversity to provide  us ______ the basics of life.

UNIT 11: BOOKS

1. Pick up:                                                       cầm lên, nhặt lên

2. Put down:                                                    đặt xuống

3. Source of knowledge:                                 nguồn kiến thức

4. Get information and entertainment:          có được thông tin và giải trí

5. Source of knowledge and pleasure nguồn kiến thức và niềm vui thích

6. Hard-to-put-down (good books)                khó mà đặt xuống

7. Hard-to-pick-up-again (boring books)      khó mà cầm lên lần nữa

8. Swallow  (read from the beginning to the end)     nuốt , đọc ngấu nghiến

9. Dip into  (taste)                                          đọc qua lo, nếm thử

10. Chew and digest (read slowly andcarefully)       nhai va tiêu hóa, nghiền  ngẫm

11. swallow one’s pride:                                quyết tâm làm mà không ngại gì cả

12. swallow one’s words:                               chấp nhận sai

NOTE: Kinds of books

11. If you like books with aexciting story especially ones about crime or spies, read a thriller.

12. If you enjoy reading stories about love affairs, a romance is the  right book for you.

13. A novel is a story long enough to fill a complete book, in which the characters and events are usually imaginary.

14. A science fiction book is a type of book that is based on imagined scientific discoveries of the future.

15. If you want to learn how to knit or work with wood, you should buy a craft book.

16. Fiction book tell stories from the author’s imagination.

17. A comic book tells stories through pictures.

18. A biography is about person’s life written by somebody else.

EXERCISE

1. Once a date is concerned, we’ll send our professional drivers to pick _____________ your books.

2. The accuracy of a __________________ of knowledge will depend on the purpose that it has been written for and whether the author has any reason to be biased

3. The use of electronic products has grown substantially over the past two decades, changing the way and the speed in which we communicate and how we _________________ information and entertainment.

4. I've been dipping _____________ the book, but haven't read it properly.

5. When a reader reads a good book from the beginning to the end, he____________________ it.

6. I feel most of the books I read are can't _________ down books, but it sometimes takes a while to discover that.

7. Good books are often described as_________________________.

UNIT 12: WATER POLO

1. Interfere with:                                 can thiệp

2. Commit fouls:                                phạm lỗi

3. Overtime period:                            hiệp phụ

4. Divide into:                                    chia thành

5. Defensive player = defender          hậu vệ

6. Throw … to (into)                          chuyền bóng

* synchronize one’s watch:                chỉnh giờ đồng hồ

NOTE

7. Water polo is played in a pool with a ball and people play in in a team.

8. Rowing is played with boat and oars and people play it individually or in a team.

9. Windsurfing is played in a sea or lake with board and sail and people play it individually.

10. Scuba diving is played in a sea with air tank, regulator, wet suit , mask and fins and play it in pairs or team

EXERCISE

1. Players can move the ball by ______________ it to a teammate or swimming with the ball in front of them

2. A free throw is awarded when a ____________________ player makes a foul upon an offensive player when the offensive player is attempting to shoot.

3. If a defender commits a major __________________ within the five meter area that prevents a likely goal, the attacking team is awarded a penalty throw or shot

4. If people’s interference ________ the environment decreases, more species will survive and produce offspring.

5. High school basketball games are ________________ into four eight-minute quarters

6. If the score is tied at the end of regulation play, two ____________ periods of three minutes each are played

 

UNIT 13: THE 22ND SEA GAMES

1. Sports enthusiasts:                         người say mê thể thao

2. Take  place= happen:                     xảy ra

3. Present with:                                   trao tặng

4. Win medals:                                   đoạt huy chương

5. Carry out:                                      thực hiện

6. Take  part in  = participate in         tham gia

7. Participating countries                   các quốc gia tham gia

8. A big sport event                            một sự kiện thể thao lớn

9. Defend … title                                bảo vệ danh hiệu

10. Sporting event                              sự kiện thể thao

11. Score a goal = make a goal          ghi bàn

12. Close to                                         đạt đến

13. hold all the cards:                                     có lợi thế

EXERCISE

1. The Rivers State Sports Council says its athletes will defend their ___________________ at the forthcoming National Sports Festival scheduled to hold in Lagos

2. The Sports Enthusiasts programme gives community members a chance to be involved their community, be a part of their favorite sporting_________________and support various charities while having a great time with friends and family.

3. Don’t let your furry sports ______________ spend all his time sitting on the sidelines!

4. China will carry ________ programs in four key industries to import foreign experts during the next five years

5. _______________ a goal in soccer can be simple if you know what steps to take

6.In 16th Asian Games 2010, 7987 athletes from 45 ______________countries  competed in 42 sports events.

7. Yael Arad was the first Israeli to ________________ an Olympic medal.

8. The 2016 Olympic Games will take _______________ in Rio de Janeiro, marking the first time that the Olympics will take place in South America

PART 2: VOCABULARY PRACTICE

Task 1: Choose the best answer that fit to each of the statement below

  1. Many modern medicines are derived _______ plants and animals.

a. on                                  b. for               c. from                                                d. in

  1. 15,589 species (7,266 animal species and 8,323 plant species) are now considered _______ risk _______ extinction.

a. at / of                             b. on / in                      c. for / with                             d. in / at

  1. Being listed as an endangered species can have negative effect since it could make a species more desirable for collectors and poachers.

a. awareness                      b. preservation            c. support                                d. impact

  1. World Wide Fund for Nature was formed to do the mission of the preservation of biological diversity, sustainable use of natural resources, and the reduction of pollution and wasteful consumption.

a. contamination               b. energy                     c. extinction                            d. development

  1. The Bali Tiger was declared extinct in 1937 due to hunting and habitat loss.

a. reserve                          b. generation               c. natural environment           d. diversity

  1. It is found that endangered species are often concentrated in areas that are poor and densely populated, such as much of Asia and Africa.

a. disappeared                   b. increased                 c. threatened                           d. reduced

  1. _______ is the existence of a wide variety of plant and animal species living in their natural environment. .

a. Biodiversity                  b. Conservation          c. Globe                                  d. Individual

  1. Almost half of turtles and tortoises are known to be threatened with ____.

a. extinct                           b. extinction                c. extinctive                            d. extinctly

  1. Current extinction rates are at least 100 to 1,000 times higher than ___ rates found in the fossil record.

a. nature                            b. natural                     c. naturally                              d. naturalness

  1. It is reported that humans are the main reason for most species' declines and habitat _______ and degradation are the leading threats.

a. destroy                          b. destructive              c. destructor                            d. destruction

  1. We have to apply effective measures to save many plant and animal species _______ extinction.

a. from                              b. in                             c. for                                      d. on

  1. Hunting for meat and burning forests for soil cause destruction to wildlife.

a. organization                  b. contamination         c. protection                            d. damage

  1. Toxic chemicals from factories are one of the serious factors that leads wildlife to the _______ of extinction.

a. wall                               b. fence                       c. verge                                   d. bridge

  1. ____ books are ones in which the story is told or illustrated with pictures.

a. Comic                           b. Thriller                   c. Romantic                            d. Science

  1. Boy, stop reading. ________ the book down and go to bed.

a. Take                              b. Put                           c. Set                                       d. Pick

  1. It is a good book. I think it is interesting enough for you to ________.

a. put down                       b. swallow                   c. look up                                d. understand

  1. A ________ is a report in a newspaper or magazine in which a writer gives his opinion of a book, a film, or a play.

a. page                               b. subject                    c. review                                 d. journey

  1. If you ________ a book, you have a brief look at it without reading or studying it seriously.

a. dip into              b. put away                 c. pick up                                d. put down

  1. To become a novelist, you need to be ________.

a. imagine                                     b. imagination            c. imaginative                         d. imaginarily

  1. A ________ is a story long enough to fill a complete book, in which the characters and events are usually imaginary.

a. pleasure                         b. novel                       c. page                                     d. review

  1. A ________ is the story of a person's life written by somebody else.

a. romance                        b. fiction                     c. biography                            d. science

  1. When a reader reads an interesting book slowly and carefully, he ____ it

a. reviews                          b. chews and digests   c. swallows                             d. dips into

  1. Since their appearance, books are a previous ________ of knowledge and pleasure.

a. source                            b. pile                          c. amount                                d. sum

  1. Many teenagers are not much ________ in reading books, except for what they are made to read at school

a. excited                          b. important                c. slow                                     d. interested

  1. Many people are not interested ________ reading books as much as seeing films.

a. in                                   b. with                         c. for                                       d. about

  1. We spend more time watching TV than reading books. But ________ fact. TV has not kill reading.

a. for                                 b. upon                        c. at                                         d. in

  1. Books are a wonderful source ________ knowledge and pleasure.

a. with                               b. of                             c. in                                         d. about

  1. After leaving school, many of us only read for ________.

a. please                            b. pleasant                   c. pleasure                               d. pleasing

  1. Mary enjoys reading ________, adventure, and whatever else she can either buy or borrow.

a. romance                        b. romantic                 c. romanticize                                      d. romanticism

  1. The novel has had a tremendous impact on ________ and publishing markets.

a. entertain                        b. entertainer             c. entertainment                       d. entertainingly

  1. Tommy likes the books that he borrowed from the school library very much. He has read them with ________.

a. entertainment                b. romance                  c. tasting                                 d. pleasure

  1. A ________ is a book, film, or play that tells an exciting fictional story about something such as criminal activities or spying.

a. non-fiction                    b. science                    c. thriller                                 d. romance

  1. The referee had no hesitation in awarding the visiting team a _______.

a. penalty                          b. penalize                  c. penal                                   d. penalization

  1. The crowd cheered as the goalkeeper deflected the _______.

a. shoot                             b. shooting                  c. shooter                                d. shot

  1. If a defender _______ a foul within the five meter area that prevents a likely goal, the attacking team is awarded a penalty throw or shot.

a. commits                        b. interferes                c. punches                               d. touches

  1. The more' goals the players _______, the more exciting the match became.

a. marked                          b. made                       c. scored                                  d. sprinted

  1. After a tie, there are two overtime periods of three minutes each.

a. penalty                          b. draw                        c. score                                    d. goal

  1. The goalkeeper can also be ejected for twenty seconds if a major foul is committed.

a. advanced                       b. sprinted                   c. played                                 d. excluded

Task 2: Choose the best answer

1. Hunting for meat and burning forests for soil cause destruction to wildlife.

A. organization          B. contamination              C. protection                     D. damage

2. Humans depend on species diversity to provide food, clean air and water, and fertilizesoil for agriculture.

A. raise                       B. produce                        C. supply                           D.reserve

3. Many schools provide environmental education to increase students’ awareness of conservation needs.

A. effort                      B. benefit                          C. exploitation                  D. knowledge

4. All the countries of the area have enacted __________to protect their wildlife but they are rarely enforced.

A. efforts                    B. laws                              C. results                           D. reserves

5. Chemical wastes from factories are __________that cause serious damage to species habitats.

A. pollutes                     B. pollutants                     C. pollutions                     D. polluters

6. If the deserts are __________.managed, there may be troubles for scientific expeditions.

A. loose                       B. loosen                          C. loosening                     D. loosely

7. __________.is a branch of Natural Science, and is the study of living organisms and how they interact with their environment.

A. Biology                 B. Biological                   C.Biologist                       D. Biologically

8. Only a few of the many species at risk of extinction actually make it to the lists and obtain legal __________

A. protect                   B. protection                     C. protective                     D. protector

9. Almost half of turtles and tortoises are known to be threatened with __________

A. extinct                    B. extinction                     C. extinctive                     D. extinctly

10. A lot of different conservation efforts have been made to________endangered species.

     A. save                         B. kills                              C. make                             D. do

11. More and more people __________ of food poisoning nowadays.

     A. exits                        B. survive                         C. die                                D. starve

12. Conservation is the protection of the _________ environment.

    A. nature                       B. natural                          C.  naturally                      D. naturalize

13. One of the causes of species extinction is habitat_______ (THI THU)

   A. destructively             B. destroyed                      C. destructive                   D. destruction

14. Toxic chemicals in the air and land may drive many species to the _______of extinction. (HKII)

  A. circumstance              B. edge                              C. border                           D. verge

15. Worldwide commercial________of animals for food and other products has seriously reduced the number of rare species. (HKII)

A. breeding                       B. killing                                C. exploitation                  D. exploration

16. Many nations have laws offereing protection to the rare species, such as forbidding hunting, creating_________. (HKII)

A. agencies                       B. reserves                                                C. awareness                                                  D. challenges

17. The government has________measures to promote the development of the country(2010)

A. achieved                       B. made                                  C. carried                           D. taken

18. Because of the economic crisis, many workers are now in ________of losing their jobs

A. worry                            B. danger                                C. warning                         D. threat

19. oxic chemicals in the air and land have________many species to the verge of extinction. (THI THU)

A. gone                             B. driven                                 C. done                              D. held

20. The authorities are discussing the worrying             issue in the area

A. evironmentalists          B. environmental                    C. environment                 D. environmentally

21. Life on Earth is disappearing fast and will continue to do so unless urgent action is taken.

A. vanishing                     B. damaging                           C. polluting                       D. destroying

22. The population of ASEAN accounts _______ about 8.7% of the world's population.

A. of                                  B. for                                       C. in                                   D. from

23. A new medical research center has been established to help people suffering from cancer.

A. found                            B. carried out                          C. put in                             D. set up

24. Our primary concern is to provide the flood victims with food and health care.

A. subordinate                  B. main                                   C. private                           D. premissed

25. Plant and animal extinction leads to a ___________________of biodiversity.

A. loss                               B. full                                     C. lost                                D. shortage

  1. ____ books are ones in which the story is told or illustrated with pictures.

A. Comic                          B. Thriller                               C. Romantic                      D. Science

  1. Boy, stop reading. ________ the book down and go to bed.

A. Take                             B. Put                                      C. Set                                 D. Pick

  1. It is a good book. I think it is interesting enough for you to ________.

A. put down                      B. swallow                              C. look up                          D. understand

  1. A ________ is a report in a newspaper or magazine in which a writer gives his opinion of a book, a film, or a play.

A. page                              B. subject                                C. review                           D. journey

  1. If you ________ a book, you have a brief look at it without reading or studying it seriously.

A. dip into                         B. put away                             C. pick up                          D. put down

  1. To become a novelist, you need to be ________.

A. imagine                        B. imagination                        C. imaginative                   D. imaginarily

  1. A ________ is a story long enough to fill a complete book, in which the characters and events are usually imaginary.

A. pleasure                        B. novel                                  C. page                              D. review

  1. A ________ is the story of a person's life written by somebody else.

A. romance                            B. fiction                           C. biography                      D. science

  1. When a reader reads an interesting book slowly and carefully, he ____ it

A. reviews                              B. chews and digests         C. swallows                       D. dips into

  1. Since their appearance, books are a previous ________ of knowledge and pleasure.

A. source                                B. pile                                C. amount                          D. sum

  1. Many teenagers are not much ________ in reading books, except for what they are made to read at school

A. excited                               B. important                      C. slow                              D. interested

  1. Many people are not interested ________ reading books as much as seeing films.

A. in                                       B. with                               C. for                                 D. about

  1. We spend more time watching TV than reading books. But ________ fact. TV has not kill reading.

A. for                                      B. upon                              C. at                                   D. in

  1. Books are a wonderful source ________ knowledge and pleasure.

A. with                                   B. of                                   C. in                                   D. about

  1. After leaving school, many of us only read for ________.

A. please                                B. pleasant                         C. pleasure                        D. pleasing

  1. Mary enjoys reading ________, adventure, and whatever else she can either buy or borrow.

A. romance                            B. romantic                       C. romanticize                  D. romanticism

  1. The novel has had a tremendous impact on ________ and publishing markets.

A. entertain                            B. entertainer                     C. entertainment               D. entertainingly

  1. Tommy likes the books that he borrowed from the school library very much. He has read them with ________.

A. entertainment                    B. romance                        C. tasting                           D. pleasure

  1. A ________ is a book, film, or play that tells an exciting fictional story about something such as criminal activities or spying.

A. non-fiction                        B. science                          C. thriller                           D. romance

  1. The referee had no hesitation in awarding the visiting team a _______.

A. penalty                              B. penalize                        C. penal                             D. penalization

  1. The crowd cheered as the goalkeeper deflected the _______.

A. shoot                                  B. shooting                        C. shooter                          D. shot

  1. If a defender _______ a foul within the five meter area that prevents a likely goal, the attacking team is awarded a penalty throw or shot.

A. commits                            B. interferes                      C. punches                         D. touches

  1. The more' goals the players _______, the more exciting the match became.

A. marked                              B. made                             C. scored                           D. sprinted

  1. After a tie, there are two overtime periods of three minutes each.

A. penalty                              B. draw                              C. score                             D. goal

  1. The goalkeeper can also be ejected for twenty seconds if a major foul is committed.

A. advanced                            B. sprinted                  C. played                                 D. excluded

PART 2: GRAMMAR POINT

UNIT 10 & 11: MODAL VERBS IN ACTIVE AND PASSIVE FORM

Task 1: Choose the best answer

1.You ________ ask a woman about her age. It’s not polite.

A. must                       B. need                        C. musrn’t                   D. needn’t

2. They _______________ be away for the weekend, but I’m not sure.

A. can                       B. might                                           C. must         D. need

3. It’s not obligatory to take a tie. You________________ wear one.

A. mustn’t                B. needn’t                      C. can’t                       D. shouldn’t

4. Billy: Are you going to the party?  Sally: I’m not sure. I ___________ go

A. must                    B. can’t                          C. might                      D. ought to

5. Please make sure to water my plants while I am gone. If they don’t get enough water, they______ die.

A. must                    B. should                        C. might                      D. need

6. You have been reading for four hours. This book ___ be very interesting.

A. can                       B. might                                           C. must                              D. should

7. I really____________ to study harder at my course this year.

A. need                     B. needn’t                      C. must                       D. should

8. According to the law, you _____________ hunt rare animals for commercial purpose.

A. must                    B. can                             C. mustn’t                   D. don’t have to

9. “It ___rain this evening. Why dont you take an umbrella?”

      “Thats a good idea. May I borrow yours?”          

A. had better            B. could be                     C. must                       D. might

10. I  _____  play basketball than football.

A. would rather    B. had better             C. like better          D. prefer

11. People ___________ hunt and use whales for commercial purpose

A. needn’t            B. mustn’t                 C. don’t need to        D. don’t have to

12. Children …………to watch too much television

A. can be allowed                                 B. should allow     

C. shouldn’t allow                                               D. shouldn’t be allowed

13. It is high time Tom ________ more attentive in class.

A. was                 B. were                     C. must be              D. has been

14. Mother ______ us stories when we were young.

A. was used to tell                                               B. was used to telling

C. used to tell                                       D. used to telling

15. The plane ___ take off after the fog had lifted.

A. must                       B. can                          C. was able to             D. may

16. He spent all that money last week. He ___ so much.

A. didnt need to spend                                   B. shouldnt spend     

C. neednt have spent                                      D. didnt have to spend

17. The ground is wet. It ___last night.

A. must rain                           B. must have rain              C. must have rained          D. had to rain

18. That student got bad marks for the homework. He……………it more carefully.

A. should do                    B. should have to do     C. should have done     D. should be doing

19. “Are you coming to Jeff’s party?” - “I’m not sure. I _____ go to the concert instead.”

A. must                            B. would                      C. should                               D. might

20. Cheese and biscuits _______________ in tupperware containers; otherwise the cheese goes hard and the biscuits go soft.

A. can be kept                        B. have to be kept             C. can keep                        D. have to be keeping

  1. Those letters ________ now. You can do the typing later.

A. need typing                       B. needn't be typed            C. need to type                  D. needn't typing

  1. The museum is open to everybody. It ________ between 9am and 5pm.

A. visits                                  B. visited                           C. can visit                        D. can be visited

  1. The train ________ by bad weather. I am not sure.

A. might delay                                                                  B. might be delaying        

C. might have delayed                                                     D. might have been delayed

  1. The room ________ once a day.

A. should clean                                                                 B. should be cleaning

C. should be cleaned                                                        D. should have cleaned

  1. Two tablets ________ twice a day to have you recover from the illness quickly.

A. must take                           B. must be taken               C. must have taken            D. must be taking

  1. Theresa walked past me without saying a word. She ________ me.

A. can't have seen                  B. can't see                        C. can't have been seen     D. can be seen

  1. I think the match ________. Everybody's gone into the stadium and you can hear them cheering.

A. was started                        B. will be started                C. must started                 D. must have started

  1. We found the exam extremely easy. We ________ so hard.

A. needn't study          B. needn't be studying   C. needn't have studied       D. needn't have been studied

  1. There is plenty of money in our account so those cheques ________ to the bank today.

A. needn't be taken                B. needn't be taking          C. needn't take                   D. needn't taking

  1. The picnic ________ because Peter has just had a traffic accident.

A. will cancel                         B. will be cancelling         C. will be cancelled          D. will have cancelled

Task 2: Rewrite the following sentences using the give words.

31. You should clean this room every day.

=> This room_____________________________

32. It isn’t necessary for us to get a visa for Singapore.

=>We needn’t_______________________________________

33. Every student is required to write an essay on the topic.

=>Every students must___________________________________________

34. Students aren’t allowed to leave the dormitory after 11 p.m.

=>Students mustn’t_______________________________________________

35. It’s very likely that the company will accept his application.

=>The company may_____________________________________________

--HẾT--

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